Most Common Types of Metals in Fabrication

June 30, 2023 7:05 pm Published by Leave your thoughts

Metal,Construction.,Iron,Plate,BackgroundMost Common Types of Metals in Fabrication

Metal fabrication is a process of designing and creating metal structures and components by cutting, bending, and assembling metal. Fabricators use various types of metals, each with unique properties, to create custom metal structures and products. In this article, we’ll discuss the most common types of metals used in fabrication.

1. Steel

Steel is the most common metal used in fabrication due to its strength and durability. It is an alloy made from iron and carbon, with varying levels of carbon and other alloys to give it different properties. Steel is known for its high tensile strength, making it ideal for heavy-duty applications like construction and industrial environments.

There are various types of steel used in fabrication, including mild steel, carbon steel, and stainless steel. Mild steel is used for general construction and is easy to shape and weld, while carbon steel is used in industrial applications due to its strength and resistance to wear and tear. Stainless steel is rust-resistant and easy to maintain, making it ideal for applications in the food industry, medical devices, and outdoor structures.

2. Aluminum

Aluminum is a lightweight metal that offers excellent corrosion resistance and high strength-to-weight ratio. It is also known for its electrical conductivity, making it ideal for electrical applications. Aluminum is easy to shape and can be used for a variety of applications, including aerospace, marine, and automotive industries.

One of the unique properties of aluminum is its ability to withstand extreme temperatures, making it ideal for use in heat exchangers. It is also non-toxic, making it an excellent choice for food packaging and medical applications.

3. Copper

Copper is a ductile metal that is known for its excellent thermal and electrical conductivity. It is commonly used in electrical wiring and piping systems due to its resistance to corrosion and durability. Copper is also widely used in the roofing and architectural industries due to its aesthetic appeal and weather-resistance qualities.

Copper is expensive compared to other metals due to its scarcity, but its unique properties make it an ideal choice for specific applications.

4. Brass

Brass is an alloy made from copper and zinc and is known for its corrosion resistance and attractive appearance. It is a ductile metal that is easy to shape and commonly used in decorative applications like door hardware, lighting fixtures, and musical instruments.

Due to its low friction properties, brass is used in pressure-sensitive applications like faucets and valves. It is also an excellent conductor of heat, making it ideal for electrical conductivity applications.

5. Iron

Iron is one of the oldest and most common metals used in fabrication and is known for its strength and durability. It is commonly used in construction, automotive, and industrial applications.

One of the most significant advantages of iron is its magnetic properties, making it ideal for use in motors, generators, and transformers. Iron can also withstand high temperatures, making it ideal for use in heat-resistant applications like cast iron cookware.

6. Titanium

Titanium is a lightweight metal that is known for its strength, corrosion resistance, and biocompatibility. It is commonly used in aerospace and medical applications due to its high strength-to-weight ratio.

Titanium is resistant to most forms of corrosion, making it an ideal choice for marine and offshore applications. It is also hypoallergenic, making it suitable for medical implants.

7. Nickel

Nickel is a versatile metal known for its high temperature tolerance and excellent corrosion resistance. It is used in a variety of industries, including aerospace, chemical processing, and power generation.

Nickel is commonly used in alloys to increase strength and durability, making it ideal for critical applications in harsh environments. It is also used in electroplating and as a catalyst in chemical reactions.


Metal fabrication is a complex process that requires careful consideration of which metal to use for a particular application. The most commonly used metals in fabrication are steel, aluminum, copper, brass, iron, titanium, and nickel. Each has unique properties that make it ideal for specific applications, and fabricators must choose the right metal for the job.

When choosing a metal for fabrication, it’s essential to consider factors like strength, durability, weight, cost, and corrosion resistance. With the right choice of metal, skilled fabricators can create custom metal structures and products that meet the needs and requirements of their clients.

Working With N.W. Metal Fabricators, Inc.

For fabrication, machine shop work, and custom welding in Hermiston, OR, N.W. Metal Fabricators, Inc. is your premier choice as a sheet metal supplier, machine shop, and much more. We’re a full-service fabrication shop with years of experience and a dedication to complete customer satisfaction. As a result, we’re well-known for providing our customers with finished products that are made to an unparalleled level, done to spec and created within budget. Whether you need shearing and bending for a simple project or your design demands custom welds and powder coating, you can have confidence in asking us to tackle the job. Contact us today or see site for more info:

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